ABD-based livelihoods are intimately connected to traditional land-use practices and thus dependent on access to, and sustainable management of, forest and agricultural land. To promote sustainable forest and land use in multi-functional upland landscapes, and secure tenure for villagers undertaking ABD-based livelihoods in these areas, TABI and key partners have developed an improved, comprehensive and participatory forest and land use planning, and management process – FALUPAM.
FALUPAM is conducted in villages and village clusters, using tool-based but flexible approaches, where the current land uses are the starting point for developing improved forest/land use management plans, rather than the regulations and top-down forest categories.
A manual on the process is currently being finalized and being considered for official recognition by the Government of Lao.
Some of the main achievements to date include
- 20,372 Households in 191 villages are now managing – to various degrees – 700,000 ha of zoned forest and agricultural land, under plans either approved by or recognized by local authorities. A further 1,956 households in 24 villages, are in the process of developing land use plans for a further 92,000 ha.
- No land concessions have been granted in villages which have participated in FALUPAM process
- More than 115 government staff have been trained in how to implement FALUPAM and use GIS in relation to it. This includes staff from MAF, Provincial Agriculture and Forestry Office, Provincial Office for Natural Resources and Environment and district level staff.
- A Land classification system which systematically documents actual land use based on local land use systems. This has been included in the Land Use Planning Principles which has been adopted by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE)
- The changes in shifting cultivation patterns as a result of pFALUPAM – from a scattered cultivation system to a collective zonation system – are clearly visible in the landscape. This collective zonation system has led to important benefits in terms of a clear reduction in wild fires due to better coordination and collaboration between the households when clearing and cultivating areas in the zone.
- The reduction of wild fires has also eliminated conflicts related to fire spreading to the plots of other families. In addition, the increased collaboration between households in regards to fence building and land demarcation has decreased the amount of labor needed in some villages.
- A number of NGOs and private sector have requested used the FALUPAM in their areas including: Wildlife Conservation Society, World Renew, World Wildlife Fund for Nature, CCL, Thin Hinboun Power Company, Community based livelihood Opportunities Project of IFAD, Lao Upland Rural Advisory Services/SDC, Mekong Regional Land Governance Project, GRET Bamboo Project
Resources to highlight
– List of villages where FALUPAM has been carried out